Hardwood

Quercus rubra, spp. Red Oak is probably the most widely used and abundant hardwood in the eastern United States. Oak has a characteristic ring porous grain pattern; the wood is heavy, hard and stiff. The heartwood of Red Oak ranges in color from “wheat” to a “light honey”, sapwood is light off-white.

Red Oak is also one of the most widely used hardwood species. It is prized in the manufacturing of furniture, cabinets, and interior decorative items, especially flooring, stairs, and mouldings.

Red Oak lumber is regularly sold as rough cut boards. It can also be surfaced, (S2S), upon request. Red oak can also be provided to customers as SLR2E if desired.

Use:
Furniture, interior decoration, flooring, stairs, millwork, paneling, doors, household goods, woodenware.

Availability:
Widely available in thicknesses 4/4 through 8/4.
Generally available 10/4 and thicker.

Red Oak Hardwood Lumber Pricing:
As a species, Red Oak lumber is considered to have a moderate hardwood lumber price point. Please contact us for prices.

Relative Working Properties:

Machining Resistance to
Splitting in Nailing
Resistance to
Splitting in Screwing
Gluing
Excellent Good Excellent Good

Physical Properties:

Specific Gravity (12% M.C.) Average Shipping Weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) Air Dry Average Volumetric Shrinkage (oven dry % of Green) Modulus of Rupture (Kilopascals) Modulus of Elasticity (Megapascals) Side Hardness (Newtons)
0.63 640 16.1 99,000 12,500 5,700

The white oak is the most important timber species of the white oaks. It was widely used for ship building and general construction work.

Quercus alba, spp. White oak, like Red Oak, grows broadly across the eastern half of the United States. Although in smaller quantities than Red Oak, White Oak is a ring porous species with a characteristic strong grain and rays that are more pronounced and longer than those in the Red Oaks. The heartwood is light to medium tan; the sapwood is slightly contrasting creamy-white.

White Oak typically grows more slowly when compared to Red Oak, and produces lumber with a “softer” grain pattern. The pores in the heartwood are impervious to liquid, making White Oak suitable for cooperage.

It is regularly sold in the rough cut form. It can also be surfaced, (S2S), or straight-line-ripped, (SLR2E), upon request.

Use:
Furniture, cabinets, cooperage, windows and exterior doors, interior decoration including flooring, mouldings, and wall/ceiling paneling.

Availability:
Generally available in thicknesses 4/4 through 8/4.
10/4 and thicker available in more limited quantities.

Price:
Moderate to valuable.

White Oak Hardwood Lumber Pricing:
White Oak lumber is considered to have a moderate or more valuable hardwood lumber price point. Please contact us for prices

Relative Working Properties:

Machining Resistance to
Splitting in Nailing
Resistance to
Splitting in Screwing
Gluing
Excellent Good Excellent Good

Physical Properties:

Specific Gravity (12% M.C.) Average Shipping Weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) Air Dry Average Volumetric Shrinkage (oven dry % of Green) Modulus of Rupture (Kilopascals) Modulus of Elasticity (Megapascals) Side Hardness (Newtons)
0.68 640 15.5 105,000 12,300 6,000

Juglans nigra. Black Walnut is one of America’s most widely known and most valuable species. The wood is moderately heavy, hard, and strong. The heartwood color ranges from light brown to chocolate brown — sometimes with purplish overtones; the sapwood is light brown, and often steam treated in order to reduce the contrast.

Black Walnut grows throughout the eastern United States, but in relatively low quantities. The wood works easily, stains and finishes extremely well and is often used in furniture and for architectural products which highlight its particular grain pattern, color, and texture.

Black Walnut, or simply Walnut, is available for sale as rough sawn boards or S2S. Walnut boards can be provided as straight line ripped lumber if required, (SLR2E).

Use:
Furniture, cabinets, architectural panels, doors, floors, gun stocks, woodenware.

Availability:
Generally available 4/4 through 8/4 thickness, limited availability 10/4 and thicker.

Hardwood Lumber Pricing:
Walnut is considered one of the more expensive North American hardwood lumber species. Please contact us for prices.

Relative Working Properties:

Machining Resistance to
Splitting in Nailing
Resistance to
Splitting in Screwing
Gluing
Excellent Fair Good Good

Physical Properties:

Specific Gravity (12% M.C.) Average Shipping Weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) Air Dry Average Volumetric Shrinkage (oven dry % of Green) Modulus of Rupture (Kilopascals) Modulus of Elasticity (Megapascals) Side Hardness (Newtons)
0.55 579 12.8 101,000 11,600 45,000

Fraxinus americana – is a ring porous hardwood and is fairly hard, heavy, and very tough. Ash features a light colored, nearly white sapwood; heartwood is typically tan or light brown. Ash is of the olive tree family. It grows throughout the eastern part of the United States, and represents about 3-5% of the total hardwood timber stand. White Ash grows across the entire Appalachian hardwood area. Lowland ash is generally faster growing, lighter and softer textured. Timber growing at higher elevations grows more slowly and is thus both heavier and harder. Ash has excellent bending and finishing qualities.

White Ash lumber is regularly sold in the rough cut form. It can also be surfaced, (S2S), upon request. Ash can also be provided to customers as SLR2E if desired.

Baillie Lumber provides all grades of Ash lumber including Prime Ash, FAS/1F Ash, and all common grade Ash lumber.

Use:
Furniture, paneling, flooring, fixtures, woodwork, bending stock, handles, sporting goods.

Availability:
Generally available in thicknesses from 4/4 through 12/4.

Ash Hardwood Lumber Pricing:
As a species, Ash lumber is considered to have a moderate hardwood lumber price point. . Please contact us for prices.

Relative Working Properties:

Machining Resistance to
Splitting in Nailing
Resistance to
Splitting in Screwing
Gluing
Excellent Good Excellent Good

Physical Properties:

Specific Gravity (12% M.C.) Average Shipping Weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) Air Dry Average Volumetric Shrinkage (oven dry % of Green) Modulus of Rupture (Kilopascals) Modulus of Elasticity (Megapascals) Side Hardness (Newtons)
0.60 594 13.3 106,000 12,000 5,900

The wood of this tree is very durable and is used in the construction of docks, bridges, silos, tanks, caskets, and general millwork. The resin extracted from the cones is used locally as an analgesic for lesions of the skin. The knees are sometimes fashioned into wooden novelties.

The wood is used in cabinetry and in interior finishing. It was employed in boat construction at one time.

The sweetgum is a valuable commercial hardwood used for many purposes, particularly veneer, furniture, interior trim, and woodenware. The wood has been distributed and sold under the trade name of “satin-walnut”.

The wood of this tree is commonly used in the manufacture of plywood and commercial veneers, boxboards, crossties, paper pulp, woodenware, handles, and planing-mill products.